Bacteria Vaginosis Archives

Bacterial vaginosis is a medical condition where a healthy vagina’s population of normal microorganisms became imbalanced. This will cause an uncommonly nasty and fishy vaginal discharge that can embarrass the person who has it from engaging in sexual relations.

When a woman contracts bacterial vaginosis, there are some possible causes of the strange and smelly vaginal discharge. First, there could be less Lactobacilli inhibiting their vagina. That meant there are fewer microbes that produce peroxide which neutralizes the smell of the vagina. Another reason would be a drastic change in vaginal pH. A healthy vagina has to be acidic and when it goes alkaline, it stinks and has less control on the other germs that could infect it. Either way, there could be a proliferation of other bacteria that was once kept in check by Lactobacilli.

Any peculiar vaginal discharge is likely caused by bacterial vaginosis. In 2009, about 12% to 30% of women in the United Kingdom alone are affected. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), this condition is common in pregnant women in the United States in 2006. Despite its propensity to affect sexually active women, it is not a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Sometimes, even women who do not engage in sex are affected especially if they use harsh personal hygiene products. Diagnosis is done by analyzing some vaginal fluid samples.

In most cases, bacterial vaginosis can emerge and vanish without apparent cause. Women who have had it do not even exhibit symptoms. When the symptoms appear, treatment may be necessary. Symptoms to look out for aside from the stinking discharge are the pain associated with sexual intercourse, burning sensation during urination, and a niggling itch to scratch the genitalia. Prognosis is good as 90% of the women who are treated for it are resolved but about 25% of women will have it again within a month and have to go through another round of antibiotics. Some of the antibiotics given are either metronidazole or clindamycin, with different doses for pregnant and non-pregnant women.

Despite the recurrence, curing bacterial vaginosis is important. Women who have it are more prone to venereal disease like gonorrhea. Expectant mothers who contract this ailment have the tendency to deliver their babies pre-term or those having low birth weights. The worst complication it can bring is to infect the uterus and the fallopian tubes to bring about pelvic inflammatory disease.


Sexually active women are apprehensive whether the vaginal discomforts they experience are bacterial vaginosis symptoms or the more alarming sexually transmitted diseases like chlamydia or trichomoniasis. For the chaste, any itching or smelly discharge from their privates is probably bacterial vaginosis. To clarify further, nonviral sexually transmitted diseases are those that can be passed on from one person to another through sexual intercourse.

If you have had unprotected sex and you smell something fishy down there with weird discharge from the vagina, it is understandable to get worried. When additional symptoms crop up, there is a cause for alarm. Here are some criteria that you can use to evaluate whether you have bacterial vaginosis symptoms or if you have contracted any of the non-viral sexually transmitted diseases from your partner.

• Locate sources of soreness. Is your vagina irritated? Does it itch? Irritation and itching of the genitalia are one of the symptoms of trichomoniasis and bacterial vaginosis. In chlamydial infections, only vaginal irritation happens. Itching also appears in bacterial vaginosis but does not go away in yeast infections.
• Range of discomfort. Do you experience pain during intercourse or when you pee? If you experience some form of ache during sexual intercourse and even when urinating, that is a symptom of trichomoniasis. Bacterial vaginosis does not have pain during irritation but it is possible to have a stinging sensation when peeing. Chlamydia has minimal problem with urinating but there is pain in the lower abdomen and in the rectum. Some mild burning sensation may be felt when passing urine in women with bacterial vaginosis.
• Check the discharge. How does the discharge smell like? What is its texture or color? A foamy heavy greenish vaginal discharge that has strong odors is probably from a trichomonas infection. A greenish or yellowish tinge in the discharge is due to pus from the chlamydia-infected cervix. With bacterial vaginosis, the discharge will have a characteristic fishy smell and range from grayish white to cloudy yellowish hue. Discharge that is similar to an odorless cottage cheese is probably due to yeast infection.

Bacterial vaginosis symptoms are relieved once the pH and the normal flora of healthy microorganisms in the vagina are restored. When in doubt, it is best to have yourself checked by a doctor so that bacterial vaginosis symptoms or exhibiting venereal disease can be qualified. Most sexually transmitted diseases are best cured when diagnosed early.